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Indian States

Gujarat

Gujarat is is very beautiful & colorful places. The state is bless by God with It is fertility, lush green forests, various enchanting rivers, beautiful plains, the hill ranges and exotic villages & friendly people. It is the second-most industrialized state after Maharashtra. Gujarat is one the most prosperous states in India, forming as it does the most industrialized corridor between the Town of Mehsana in North Gujarat and Bombay in Maharashtra. Its original wealth stemmed from its roots in textile industry that is now nearly dead and defunct. However, due to that history, some of the world's best textiles and dress materials are still found only in Gujarat.

Gujarat is also the home to the almost extinct Asaiatic Lions. If there is just one reason you need to visit Gujarat, it will have to be the lions- the only wild population outside of Africa, and fast vanishing due to lack of variation in the gene pool. Another reason to visit Gujarat will have to be its rich culinary interests. Gujarti cuisine is one of the best tasting vegetarian cuisine in the world. Famous varieties include Dhokla, Khandavi, Khaman, Khakhara, Shakkarpara, Muthia, Bajri Vada and Bajri Dhebra. Gujarati sweets are also as famous, as are Gujarati Rotlas.

Main Cities / Towns

Gandhinagar , the capital of Gujarat

Gandhinagar the capital city of Gujarat stands on the bank of river Sabarmati is about 32 kms from Ahmedabad. Gandhinagar is the second planned city of India after Chandigarh. The place is named after the name of the father of nation. The city is an example of spacious, well-organized and architectural integrated look. The city is famous among the tourist for the existence of Swaminarayan temple.

The city covers an area of 57 sq. kms. Gandhinagar is divided into 30 sectors having shopping, fitness, housing colonies and community center. The place is gaining importance among the tourist for its wide planting of trees can also be called a leisure spot. Sabarmati River gives the city a fresh green gaze.

Tourist attraction in Gandhinagar

The main tourist attractions in Gandhinagar are the Akshardham Temple, Capital Complex, Children's Park, Sarita Udyan, Craftsmen's Village and Adalaj Stepwell.

Akshardham Temple - The Akshardam temple is one of the famous temple in Gandhinagar. This temple belongs to the wealthy Hindu Swaminarayan Group, the richest sect in the world. This temple was built by nearly 1000 artisans. It is an elaborately carved building constructed out of 6000 tonnes of pink sandstone with beautiful carvings and surrounded by the manicured lawns, perfect trees and admirable fountains. In September 2002, this temple was attacked by the terrorists.

Capital Complex - In the heart of the capital, in Sector 10, is the well laid out complex of buildings housing the legislature and government offices. Vithalbhai Patel Bhavan, a magnificent domed building, stands majestically on a high podium in the centre of a circular lake and houses The Vidhan Sabha and the legislature offices. Flanking it, and linked by hanging corridors, are two modern multi-storeyed buildings. Sardar Bhavan, which houses the various departments of the State Secretariat, and Narmada Bhavan, where the offices of all the heads of departments are situated. The Secretariat along with the offices of the heads of various departments are now located in a complex of three-storeyed buildings constructed to house the district offices

Craftsmen's Village - Located near Gandhinagar, on the Sabarmati river back, is Pethapur village, only 7 kms from the capital. Once famous for its colourful `Bandhani' saris, the village also used to export wooden printing blocks to Singapore. The wooden blocks, with exquisite patterns carved on them, are used for the hand-printing of cloth. They are still in demand among the people. Some of the printing centres in India are Ahmedabad, Bombay, Jetpur and Rajkot. The Pethapur craftsmen are mainly Gujjar Suthars.

Adalaj Step Well - Adalaj Step Well, the architectural marvel, is situated about 15 kms from the capital on the National Highway. This well is famous for its unique architecture with a huge artistic edifice and a flight of steps that enables one to reach the water, whatever be its level. The Adalaj Step Well is considered to be the best of all step wells in Gujarat.

Children's Park - Children's Park is a major attraction for children and holiday makers. The Children's Park has a mini train and a lake with boating facilities.

Sarita Udyan - In sector 9 and along the river front is the lovely Sarita Udyan, an ideal spot for picnickers. The entire area is being developed to provide full recreational facilities. Deer Park - Adjacent to Sarita Udyan, at Indroda village, on the outskirts of the capital city, is the sprawling deer park, a big draw for both children and adults.

Major Tourist attraction in Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad - Ahmadābād is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India . The city is also sometimes called Karnavati, an older name and as Amdavad in colloquial Gujarati. Ahmedabad enjoys a thriving cultural tradition, being the centre of Gujarati cultural activities and diverse traditions of different ethnic and religious communities.

Daman -  Daman is a beautiful, stunning, striking, gorgeous paradise on earth. It was formed out of the dismembered Sultanate and was governed by Meli Moluk who governed the Throne of Cambay under which jurisdiction it fell.

Diu - Diu is an off - shore island on the western coast. The coast has limestone cliffs, rocky coves and sandy beaches, the best of which are at Nagoa. A massive fort built by the Portuguese dominates the skyline.

Gandhinagar - Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat State. Gandhinagar occupies an area 57 sq. kms. It presents a spacious, well designed look of an architecturally integrated city. The famous temple of Swaminarayan is also built in Gandhinagar.

Jamnagar  - Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Gujarat. Jamnagar has shot to prominence as Reliance Industries, India's largest private company established the world's largest refinery near Moti Khavdi village. Jamnagar district has a predominant Hindu population.

Rajkot  - Rajkot was founded by Vibhoji, the younger son of Ajoji. The pleasant town is an important industrial area and a religious centre of the Arya Samaj. The city is famous because this is the ancestral home of Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi spent the early days of his life here is Rajkot.

Sasan Gir  - Sasan Gir Lion sanctuary lies at the bottom of the Saurasktra peninsula in the western state of Gujarat. The forest is generally of a tropical dry deciduous type with teak as the principal species forming up to 70% of the crop.

Silvassa - Silvasa is the town capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli Union Territory, western India. Silvassa has lush green forests covered with tall trees, meandering rivers, large waterfronts, cascading waterfalls and a gorgeous kaleidoscope of flora and fauna. The serene and sylvan land of silvassa is Nature at her best.

Surat  -Surat is a port city famous for Sarees and textiles manufacturing. The city is situated on the left bank of the Tapti River. A moat indicates the dividing-line between the old city with its narrow streets and handsome houses and the newer suburbs.

Vadodara -Vadodara also known as Baroda is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat. Vadodara is also known as ‘Sanskari Nagari’, means a ‘Cultured City’. Vadodara is one of India’s most cosmopolitan cities.

Rivers - The major rivers flowing through the state include the Narmada, Sabarmati, and Mahi in central and northern Gujarat; Mithi, Khari, and Bhogavo in Saurashtra; Tapi, Purna, Ambika, Auranga and Damanganga in the southern part of the state.

National Parks - Gujarat is home to four National Parks, including Gir Forest National Park, near Junagadh, Blackbuck National Park in Bhavnagar District, Vansda National Park in Navsari District, and Marine National Park on the Gulf of Kutch in Jamnagar District. The last remaining Asian lions, famous for their dark black manes, live in the area surrounding Girnar. In addition to these, there are twenty one Wildlife sanctuaries.

AHMEDABAD

Ahmedabad (in Gujarati) or Ahmadābād is the largest city in Gujarat and the sixth largest city in India with a population of almost 5 million. The city is also sometimes called Karnavati, an older name and as Amdavad in colloquial Gujarati. Ahmedabad is the administrative center of Ahmedabad District, and was the former capital of Gujarat State from 1960 to 1970, when Gandhinagar replaced it.

The city was founded in the 15th century by Sultan Ahmed Shah on the Sabarmati river, and served as capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat. The historic center of Ahmedabad is presently a thriving business district. Ahmedabad is mainly divided in two parts, the old city, and new city. The old city has developed rather haphazardly, and most of the roads are narrow and crowded during business hours. The new city has well-structured, wide roads. A wide variety of shops and businesses exist in the city.

In addition to its role as a commercial center, Ahmedabad is also an important industrial center, with chemical and textile industries. Ahmedabad is often described as the Manchester of the East, because of its once-booming textile industry.

Ahmedabad enjoys a thriving cultural tradition, being the centre of Gujarati cultural activities and diverse traditions of different ethnic and religious communities. Popular celebrations and observances include Uttarayan — an annual kite-flying day on 14 January. The nine nights of Navaratri are celebrated with people performing Garba — the folk dance of Gujarat — at venues across the city. The festival of lights — Deepavali is celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every house, the decorating the floors with the rangoli and the bursting of firecrackers. Other festivals such as Holi, Eid ul-Fitr and Christmas are celebrated with enthusiasm. The annual Rathyatra procession on the Ashadh-sud-bij date of the Hindu calendar and the procession of Tajia during the Muslim holy month of Muharram are integral parts of the city's culture.

Tourist attraction in Ahmedabad

Juma Masjid -
It is amongst the most popular tourist sights in the city. Built of yellow sandstone this mosque stands on 260 pillars which support 15 domes at varying elevations. The mosque was built by Ahmad Shah in 1423. It is easily accessible as it stands in the centre of the old city. This imposing structure reflects the Muslim architecture of that period.

Jhulta Minara - Quite an unusual structure, Jhulta Minara or swaying minarets are a part of the mosque of Siddi Bashir and can be moved back and forth by applying a little force at the topmost arch. One of the minarets was partly demolished by an Englishman in his endeavours to unravel the mystery of the swaying minarets. The mosque was built by master craftsmen and the crucial mechanism that leads to the vibration is still a mystery. The other interesting fact here is that these minars stand the test of the rumbling trains that pass not very far away from them.

Hathising Jain Temple - An impressive white structure, the Jain temple built of white marble and elaborately carved is dedicated to Dharmanath - the 15th Jina or Jain Apostle. Similar to all Jain temples, this temple too is rich in intricate carvings displaying among other things - musicians

Bhadra Fort - To add special charm to the varied sights of the city there is the Bhadra Fort, which once housed royal palaces and well-laid gardens. It boasts of the temple of Bhadrakali and was built in 1411 during the Maratha rule.

Sidi Sayed Mosque - Sidi Sayed Mosque is unique for its exquisite screens, which are praised for their amazing Jhali screen, framed, in the ten semi-circular windows. The screen carved out of one rock is just exceptional. A visit to this superb and outstanding example of delicate carving is an absolute must.

Sabarmati Ashram - The ashram was founded by Mahatma Gandhi in 1915, and today without doubt it is the biggest tourist attraction in Ahmedabad. It lies on the tranquil stretch of the Sabarmati river and was referred to as the Satyagraha Ashram during the lifetime of the Mahatma. It was from here, that the Mahatma began his famous 'Dandi March' in 1930 to protest against the Salt Tax imposed by the British. One can see the three wise monkeys and many more of Gandhiji's teachings at the ashram premises. The ashram today continues the work started by Mahatma and houses a handicrafts centre, a handmade paper factory and a spinning wheel factory. Besides, there are several other attractions for the tourist.

Kankaria Lake - A circular lake built in 1451 by Sultan Qutub-ud-Din. In the centre of the lake is an island garden with a summer palace known as Nagina Wadi. The lake is a popular recreation centre surrounded by parks, 'Bal Vatika' - an aquarium, a boat club, a natural history museum and a zoo.

DAMAN

Daman is a beautiful, stunning, striking, gorgeous paradise on earth. It  is traced to the 1st Century A.D. In the latter part of the XIII Century when the Trimmer Invasion expedited the fall of the Sultanate of Delhi. It was formed out of the dismembered Sultanate and was governed by Meli Moluk who governed the Throne of Cambay, under which jurisdiction it fell. However in ancient times it comprised of two Praganas known as PRAGANA KALANA PAVRI or the LOTUS OF THE MARSHLANDS separated from PRAGANA NEAR by a River Ganga originating in the Hills of Paugysauvar in the Kandesh region. The river passes through the Portuguese villages of Bildary and Gurvary, runs through in various direction through the Pragana NAGAR HAVELI, rounds the south of DADRA enters the Pragana of Kalana Parvi and Naer and meets the Arbian Sea. The Pragaba Kalana Pavri comprise of 13 villagesand 12,883 inhabitants while the Pragana Naer consisted of 23 villages.

Tourist attraction in Daman

Fort of Moti Daman - The Fort is protected by a moat on the land side and also connects the river to the sea. It is basically polygonal in plan with projections at regular intervals of about 500 feet and carrying splayed angular bastions. The parapet above the fortification walls is without merlons but is provided with loop holes. The terraces close to the top of the wall are connected to the top of the wall are connected to the inner ground surface by open flight of steps at many places. All along the inner wall, there are barracks for defense personnel's.

Jampore Beach -  It leads on to the border of Gujarat. It is a pleasant spot, where one communes with nature in sublime solitude. This beach is most suited to swimming as it is danger - free. During low - tide, one can walk on the soft wet sand right into the sea. Don't miss a picnic with your family in the shade of Casurina plantation on the sea - shore.

Fort of Nani Daman - The small fort with high stone walls encloses an area of 12,250 sq. meters. It has three bastions and two gateways. The most conspicuous part of the Fort is the giant gateway facing the river with a large statue of St. Jerome and two giant human figures, on either side of the gateway. The imposing church of Our Lady of the Sea is the principal building within the Fort. Nani Daman Nani Daman offers some wonderful sites to the traveler : Gandhi Park near Nani Daman jetty, Nani Daman Fort and the church inside and the fishing jetty where boats are anchored to name a few.

Damanganga Tourist Complex - An unique integrated project with a Cafeteria, Cottages, Conference Hall, Health Club (under construction), Amphi Theatre, Giant Water Falls, Water sports, Island Gardens, Fountains which provide the visiting tourist all facilities in one location. This complex will mesmerize any tourist visiting Daman with its beauty, facilities and size.

Kadiaya Lake Garden - A Wholly man-made wonder offering a variety of cuisine, the restaurant excels in the panoramic view it has to offer. There is a lake surrounding the two islands connected by a bridge. Fountains and beautiful boats add to the remarkable greenery which meets the eye in every direction. Various interesting features like computer games, toy train make it a favorite family tourist spot. The Kadaiya Lake Garden is a famous tourist spot for shooting of many films.

Pargola Garden  - It is a monument raised in memory of the Portuguese soldiers who fell during the liberation up rising at Dadra and Nagar Haveli. It has the resemblance of the Pantheon at Athens. At the entrance on the left side, almost attached to the Fort Gate is the modest dwelling where Bocage, an 18th Century Portuguese poet lived.

Church Of Bom Jesus - Bom Jesus is one of the most impressive holy places in Daman. It was completed in its present form in 1603 AD and is a living tribute to the excellence achieved by Portuguese architects and artisans in ornate and intricate Church buildings. The richly carved doorway and the highly, decorated interiors together with the lofty ceiling are aesthetic and pleasing. There are six finely made statues in the best traditions of Roman Church art and architecture. In early days of the Portuguese rule, Bom Jesus was a parish church

DIU

A Portuguese colony like Goa, Diu is an off - shore island on the western coast, off the Gulf of Cambay. The coast has limestone cliffs, rocky coves and sandy beaches, the best of which are at Nagoa. A massive fort built by the Portuguese dominates the skyline.

An island of breeze and beauty. The island of Diu, an erstwhile Portuguese colony, is situated off the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat bordering Junagadh district. It is an exquisitely beautiful getaway with golden sand beaches, dense palm-groves and historical monuments sans commercial exploitation and environmental degradation. Diu stands out, in marked contrast to other places, as a tiny island, where people have an excellent civic sense. With the magnificent serenity of its ambience, it is perhaps one of India’s last undiscovered jewels.

With a pleasant climate throughout the year, it affords unprecedented peace and tranquillity to tourists. The beautiful tiny island, is lying on the west coast of India, with a coastal length of 21 kms., is at a distance of about 930 kms. from Bombay. The word 'Diu' is derived from the Sanskrit word 'Dweep'. During the period from the 14th to 16th century Diu was one of the best Sea Ports and a Naval base. Merchants of various lands carried on trade here.

Nagoa beach which is horse-shoe in shape, could well be one of the best beaches of the world. The other equally beautiful beaches are Ahmedpur, Mandvi,Chakratirath, Jallandhar, and Gomtimata all having their own charm and thrill. The administration has provided water-sports facilities. Diu can boast of several historical monuments which are imposing in architecture and design, like the Diu Fort built in 1535, St. Paul’s Church built in 1610 and St, Thomas Church converted into a museum. The Church and the Museum have been floodlit by the administration and gardens, parks and fountains have been created around the monuments to beautify them. Diu is all about lazy days and hazy nights.

Tourist attraction in Diu

Nagoa Beach - A perfect semi circle beach where the gentle lapping waves beckon you to wade into them for a fun filled time of swimming, gamboling or just lolling around the soft sand shores or to find you napping under the palm trees filled with the soothing breeze. The Nagoa beach is the most famous in Diu. Gomptimata, Chakratirth and the beautiful Sunset Point are the other famous beaches. A 20 min. refreshing drive from the town through the open arid land and dense coconut groves brings you to the Nagoa Beach. It is located in the Nagoa hamlet of the village of Bucharwada.

Gangeshwar Temple - is situated 3km away from Diu town in Fudam village. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, there are five lingas here that are located in the midst of the rocks on the seashore, and are washed by the waves of the sea. It is believed that these lingas were established here by the five Pandava brothers of the Mahabharata during their exile. The gentle sea waves offering their obeisance to the "Shiva Lingas" in stone have a mystic aura around them in the cave temple of Gangeshwar where the Lord makes his presence felt.

Ghoghla Beach - Ghoghla Beach is among the six beautiful beaches in Diu District. It also has facilities for water sports like parasailing, water scooters etc. The Golden sand beach undulates into the horizon while the Arabian Sea laps away at the edge as though imploring the sands to let it find its own peach. You can do swimming, sunbathing, parasailing, surfing etc.

St. Thomas Church - Museum - St. Thomas's Church that has now been taken over by the authorities and converted into the Diu Museum. A huge edifice in gothic architecture was built in 1598. A part of it has been converted into a museum - an archaeological treasure house. It houses wooden carvings, statues, idols, shadow clocks and other important artifacts collected from various sites.

Diu Fort - Diu Fort is an expansive and imposing structure, situated on the coast of the island. It was constructed between 1535 and 1541 AD after the defence alliance concluded between the Sultan of Gujarat and the Portuguese. The fort commands a magnificent view of sea. Rugged yet gentle, fierce yet loving. The majestic structure stands on the coast of DIU as a sentinel. Once inside, you are overwhelmed by the gaunt majesty of the ancient stone work which transports you to a bygone era of gallant soldiers where time stands still.

St. Paul's Church - St. Paul's Church is the only active church till date. The church adorned with curiously treated volutes and shell - like motifs and the magnificent wood carving is considered to be the most elaborate of all the Portugese churches in India. St. Paul Church, built in 1691 is consecrated to our Lady of Immaculate Conception. In architectural style it resembles Bom Jesus Church at Goa. The dominant features are, no doubt, Gothic. The wood - panelling of the church is rated one of the best in church craftsmanship.

Gomtimata Beach - is one of the best beaches of the region. Secluded and spread with natural white sand, it is located at the western corner of the island.

Panikotha-Fortim Do Mar - Legend has it that this ship shape structure was one connected with land by an under sea tunnel. You can see this monument in famous bollywood movie "KAYAMAT". it is a magnificent stone structure in the sea, built right at the mouth of the creek. It can be reached only by a canoe or a motor launch. Approximately one nautical mile from the Diu jetty, it also has a light house and small chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Sea. The fortress makes for a beautiful view whether seen from the jetty, from the Fort, from the village of Ghoghla or from Diu proper.

Jallandhar Shrine - Jallandhar Shrine is located on a hillock close to the beach. This small shrine crowned with a dome, contains a niche wherein a stone carved face of Jallandhar is seen. Near by there is also a temple of Goddess Chandrika. The beach is at a distance of 1 km from Diu Town. This small shrine crowned with a dome, contains a niche wherein a stone carved face of the demon Jallandhar is seen. Nearby, is the temple of Goddess Chandrika.

JAMNAGAR

Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation in the Indian state of Gujarat. The city was built up substantially by Maharaja Kumar Shri Ranjitsinhji Jamnagar has shot to prominence as Reliance Industries, India's largest private company established the world's largest refinery near Moti Khavdi village. It is also home to Essar Oil, another important oil refinery of India.

History - The founder of the princely state of Jamnagar was the Jam Rawal, who descended on the northern coast of Kathiawar in 1535 A.D. Jam Rawal's father Jam Lakhaji ruled in Terabanu in Kutch.

According to bardic chronicles, Jam Lakhaji had two cousins Tamachi Deda and Hamirji Jadeja, they envied his reputation for valor. Their envy was heightened by the fame of Jam Lakhaji at the siege of Pawagadh. So largely did he contribute to its capture by Bahadurshah, the Emperor of Gujarat, that he was bestowed 12 villages by him. As Jam Lakaji was going to take possession of his new fief, he was treacherously killed by his cousins Tamachi Deda and Hamirji Jadeja. Jam Lakhajis son Jam Rawal escaped and on growing up, took vengeance of his fathers murder in the same manner by killing Hamirji Jadeja.

Climate - The climate of Jamnagar district is generally pleasant. The summer season extends from March to June, with day time temperature reaching to 42C.The monsoons are from July to September. Winter season sets in during October and extends till February. In association with cyclonic storms or depressions in the Arabian Sea in the post monsoon months and to a lesser extent in May and June, the district experiences strong winds and widespread rain.

Languages - Gujarati is the mother tongue of 95.48% of the population of Jamnagar district. The number of speakers of other languages is insignificant. The Gujarati script used universally by the speakers of that tongue is very much akin to Devnagari, but unlike Devnagari it is written without the line overhead. "Kachchhi" the next important language of the district is spoken slightly differently but written in Gujarati script.

Religion & Social Evils - Jamnagar district has a predominant Hindu population. Those following other religions are Muslims, Jains, Christians, Sikhs and Buddhists. The population of scheduled castes in the district forms 6.7% of the total population of the district. There is very little tribal or Adivasi population in this district.

The district is free from social evils such as drinking, prostitution etc. thanks to the enforcement of laws prohibiting them. The evil of gambling exists on a very small scale but is mostly confined to urban areas.

 

Tourist attraction in Jamnagar

Lakhota Palace - Lakhota Fort is Jamnagar's Museum and its terraces display a fine collection of sculpture that spans a period from the 9th to 18th Century. It is situated in the middle of the lake of jamnagar.

Pratap Vilas Palace - Pratap Vilas Palace was built according to foreign architecture but the carvings on it are very much Indian. It was built as a mimic of Victoria Memorial Building of Calcutta but the domes built on it are according to Indian architecture out of which 3 domes are made of glass. Carvings of creepers, flowers, leaves, birds and animals on the columns make the palace lively. Balconies in the palace add further beauty to it.

Marine National Park - Gujarat has the distinction of creating the country’s first Marine National Park spread over an area of nearly 458 sq.kms. in the Gulf of Kutch, 30 km. from Jamnagar.

Here one can find plants that look like animals and animals that look like plants. Turtles, shrimp, sponge, eels, sea urchin lurk among the corals and huge schools of fish create a brilliance of colours that are unknown, unseen and unimaginable to us.

Dwarka - It is situated in picturesque surroundings of Jamnagar.Dwarka is famous for the temple of Dwarkadhish, the "Lord of Dwarka" also known as Jagat Mandir or temple of the world. The temple has seven floors and is beautifully carved from base to pinnacle. The temple of Jagat Mandir, with the presiding deity of Shri Krishna known as Dwarkadhish, is an imposing edifice and a superb architectural monument. Having a plinth area of 1800 square feet, the temple consists of a shrine that is supported by 60 pillars of granite.

Ranjit Sagar Dam - It is Located 13 Kms. away from the Jamnagar. His Highness Jam Ranjitsinhji commenced the construction of 'Ranjit Sagar' dam but was completed only in 1938 during the rule of His Highness Jam Digvijaysinhji, the last ruler of this princely state of Jamnagar. Foundation stone for this dam was laid by His Highness, King of Bikaner, Sir Gangasinhji and hence was named 'Ganga Sagar' after him. But for reasons unknown was later named as 'Ranjit Sagar' dam.

Jumma Masjid - During Aurangzeb's rule in the year 1664, Qutbuddin attacked state of Jamnagar and during which His Highness Jam Raisinhji died. Qutbuddin entered the city with his army and looted it. He built the first mosque in the main bazaar of Jamnagar city. This mosque was later beautified and made bigger and named Jumma Masjid. The present face of Jumma Masjid was given by His Highness Jam Vibhaji's muslim wife Dhanbai.

Jain Temple - The foundation stone for Vardhman Shah's Jain Temple was laid in 1612 during the rule of His Highness Jam Jasaji and completed in the year 1620. Surrounding this temple 52 'Deri' (very small temple) were built in 1622. 

RAJKOT
Rajkot was founded by Vibhoji, the younger son of Ajoji.  The city, also a former British government headquarters, has a number of impressive colonial buildings and educational institutions. It is famous for silver, textiles and a National weaving institute which promotes traditional weaves. The pleasant town is an important industrial area and a religious centre of the Arya Samaj.

The city is famous because this is the ancestral home of Mahatma Gandhi. Manatma Gandhi spent the early days of his life here is Rajkot. He attended Alfred High School which is now known as Mahatma Gandhi High School.

Tourist attraction in  Rajkot

Swaminarayan Temple - This temple is built in 1998-99 by Swaminarayan Sampradaya. It is situated onfast developing Kalavad Road near Mahila College.

Mukti Dhama - It is an electric crematorium located in Ramnath para area. It is run and maintained by NGO under grant of Rajkot Municipal Corporation. It has number of small temples, prayer halls, library and beautiful garden displaying historical events which attracts number of people.

Race Course - This is a large garden located in heart of the city. It accommodates various places of interest like Bhalbhavan, Children Traffic Park, Fun World etc. Race course also has various sports facilities like Olympic standard Indoor
Stadium, International quality Cricket ground, Football, Hockey & Volleyball grounds, Gym and swimming pool etc. Race course
is also famous for beautiful gardens named Love Gardens.

Ramakrishna Aashram - This temple was built in 1934 on the land donated by Late Shri Dharmendrasinhji, then king of Morbi state. It is situated on Dr. Yagnik road of Rajkot. It is second most important place for followers of Swami Vivekanand after Kolkata.

Community Science Center and Planetorium - It is constructed in 1992. Different audio-video shows are being arranged for the citizens and visitors for getting the idea and information about the planets, their positions, movements and their effects on nature.
Community Science Center arranges different programmes, workshops, seminars related to science and maths for children. It has also many schemes for educating the people residing in slum areas regarding burning issues like Aids etc. It is run and maintained by an NGO.

Kaba Gandhi no delo - This house was build by Karamchand Gandhi, the father of Mahatma Gandhi, in 1880-81. Dharmendra road market. This house is purchased by State Government and has been declared as National Monument. Gandhiji lived in this house from 1881 to 1887 during his study at Rajkot. It is located near Dharmendra road in old city area.

Aji Dam - This dam is build by Government of Gujarat for water supply to city area. The down stream side of the dam and surrounding area is developed and maintained by Rajkot Municipal Corporation. A beautiful step garden with amusement park for children, zoo, bird aviary, crocodile park have been provided for entertainment of the citizens of the city.

Watson Museum - It was inaugurated in the year 1888 in Jubilee Garden of Rajkot city. It has excellent collection of archiological and ancient traditional items. This musium along with a huge library are located in Jubilee Gardens.

Jam Tower - Jam tower was gifted to Rajkot by then King of Jamnagar in 1880. It is located in old city area near Jamnagar Road adjcent to G. T. Sheth Orthopadic Hospital. Sir Woodhouse was the political agent of British Government during 1880 who was pleased to receive this gorgeous gift for the city. 

SILVASSA

Silvassa has lush green forests covered with tall trees, meandering rivers, large waterfronts, cascading waterfalls, the gentle gurgle of streams, the distant hills, and a gorgeous kaleidoscope of flora and fauna. The serene and sylvan land of silvassa is Nature at her best.

Silvassa quiet magical land of 70 villages sandwiched between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat near Daman was under the Portuguese till it attained freedom in 1954. The people took over the administration under the system of self-government.

Silvasa is the town capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli Union Territory, western India. The town is located about 13 miles southeast of Daman on the Daman Ganga River some 15 miles (25 km) inland from the Arabian Sea. It is the economic centre of the territory which is primarily agricultural and produces rice, pulses, and fruit crops.

Silvassa even today retains the traces of Portuguese rule. It is a `Garden Beautiful' with the roaring waterfalls, misty cascades, rustic stone walls, twin arches, tiny kiosks and springing lawns interspersed with islands of flowers

Tourist attraction in  Silvassa

Vanganga Lake and Island Lake - It is a lovely lake garden where more than 25 Hindi feature films have been picturised. The rustic wooden bridges, jogging paths, thatched huts and paddle boats make it an ideal picnic spot.
Tribal Cultural Museum
- This museum has masks, hunting tools, fishing gadgets, musical instruments and life - size statues.
Portuguese Church -
In Silvassa one can see traces of the Portuguese rule an old church made by Portuguese.
River Sakartod Chauda Khanvel -
It is 20 kms away from Silvassa on a road lined with tall trees in midst of forest, it is Khanvel. The beautiful verdant land surrounded by lush green hills beckons you with its rolling meadows, terraced gardens, cottages in native style and river Sakartod flowing past it.
Water sport and tentage complex -
Water sport and tentage complex is 20 kms drive from Khanvel where the large waterfront of river Damanganga provides breathtaking view of the water spread of Madhuban Dam.
Lion Safari, Vasona -
Vasona is 10Km from Silvassa on the way to Khanvel. It is a home away from home for asiatic (Panthera leo). One can move around in special vehicles and stare in to the eyes of Jungle King Kush and his consorts Silky and Sonal.
Vandhara Udyan -
A riverside park with sprawling lawns dotted with exquisite pavilions, an ideal site for picnic-buffs.
Piparia Udyan -
The Piparia Udyan is really a park with a difference. The roaring waterfalls, tiny kiosks and sprawling islands of flowers are a feast to the eyes.

VADODARA
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Anshuman Gaekwad might be the best known of the distinguished royals of Vadodara (earlier Baroda) but the city owes its fame and prosperity to another magnanimous member of his family. Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad, who made Baroda a Sanskari Nagari (cultured city) as the locals would have it…and why not? Sayaji Rao lived in the magnificent Laxmi Vilas Palace. Faiyaz Khan of the celebrated Agra Gharana sang for him. Raja Ravi Verma painted for his family. Seek and you will find his illustrious legacy preserved in the many museums and art galleries strewn all over the city.

Culture trip over, how can you not be seduced by the delectable flavours of the Gujju thali? Scrounge the main markets and the shabby roadside joints that pop up at sundown for your share of meetha and farsaan! Come Navratri and you can't resist yourself from shaking a leg as the whole city does a Garba on the streets. At the end of it, if you have a day or two in hand make a quick trip to Bharuch or near by Champaner, where Aamir Khan Eleven batted it out with the firangs in the recent blockbuster Lagaan.

Tourist attraction in Vadodara

Laxmi Vilas Palace
This is the residence of the royal family that was built by Maharaja Sayajirao III in 1878 in the Indo-Saracenic style completed in 1890. The palace has an extensive collection of sculptures (bronze and marble) as well as some old armour pieces that are interesting. The Fatehsingh Rao Museum on the grounds is good for those interested in old paintings and other art objects. Save time for a visit to the nearby Naulakhi Well - a baoli (step-well).

BarodaMuseum - Was built in 1894 and has an extensive art collection including several works by reputed British and other European artists. Other attractions are the Egyptian mummy, a skeleton of a blue whale, elegant Akota bronzes (5th century AD), Mughal miniatures and a gallery of Tibetan Art.

Nyaya Mandir - It is a splendid example of Byzantine architecture and is well worth a visit. Today it doubles as the Baroda District Court. This medieval structure is imposing both in proportion and style and makes for a great visit especially on weekends when the courts remain closed.

Aurobindo Society -Dedicated to Shri Aurobindo and contains memorabilia related to his life and work. There are halls for meditation that are open to the public. The library has an interesting collection and the sales emporium, which sells his books, is worth a visit.

Sayajibaug and Sardar Patel Planetarium - A park built by Sayajirao III in 1879, situated on the banks of the Vishwamitri. Spread over 113 acres, the attractions other than the greens are many - including a zoo, the Vadodara Museum and Picture Gallery, the Museum of Health and Hygiene and the Sardar Patel Planetarium. Kids get a kick trying the toy train that traverses the park.

Nazarbaug Palace - The royal art collection is brimming with works of masters like Raphael, Titian and Murillo. Also displayed are pieces, which can be classified under modern western, Indian paintings, Greco-Roman exhibits, Chinese and Japanese art. The extensive collection of contemporary Indian art is noteworthy.

SURAT

Surat is a port city famous for Sarees and textiles manufacturing. Surat and its metropolitan area had a population of approximately 2.9 million.

The city is situated on the left bank of the Tapti River, 14 miles from its mouth. A moat indicates the dividing-line between the old city, with its narrow streets and handsome houses, and the newer suburbs, but the city wall has almost disappeared. The city is largely recognized for its textile and diamond businesses. Surat is also the a district in the state of Gujarat. Surat city is the administrative headquarters of this district. This district is surrounded by Bharuch, Narmada (North), Navsari and Dang (South) districts. To the west is the Gulf of Cambay.
In the year 1496, a Hindu trader called Mallik Gopi settled in Surat. According to the Portuguese chronicles, he was considered the governor of Surat but could not prevent the city from being looted at least seven times.
In 1861, Zafarali Mills took the plunge in the field of textiles. Nowadays, Surat is the main textile market of India and it has grown tremendously, not in the least because of establishments of several multinational companies in the field of petrochemicals, steel and cement. is also famous for its 'Ghari's' (a type of a sweet).

Surat will probably never forget the donation of Sir Ferdunji Sorabji Parekh to the Government of Surat. Sir Parekh donated about five million Rs in the year 1915, i.e. with a value of about 2500 million Rs these days. The fund was raised for the development of educational and cultural activities in Surat.

Tourist attraction in Surat

Dutch Garden - The ancient Dutch gardens, the Dutch cemetery and Makaipul, the original port from where the ships sailed to other parts of the world.

Textile Market - The market is famous for fine silk fabric.

Rangupavan - It is the open air theatre.

The Old Fort - The fort is worth visiting, it was built in the 14th century.

Dumas - It the famous sea-side health resort.

Fair Festival of Gujarat

Fringed by the Arabian Sea, with a hint of the desert, prosperous and very, very beautiful, Gujarat is inhabited by a people who find the slightest excuse to celebrate. And what celebrations! Color and spectacle merge together in a delightful kaleidoscope.

Kite Festival - January 14 is celebrated in India as Makar Sankranti or the day of transition of the sun into the northern hemisphere. It is also a day inextricably related to kites in most parts of India. Children from 6 to 60 can be seen concentrating on their colorful kites with their heads turned to the sky. The recommended places to visit to witness the magnificent kite flying festival would be Jodhpur, the desert city of Rajasthan and Ahmedabad, the second largest city of Gujarat. In these two cities, kites practically blot out the sky. In Delhi, the capital of India, kites are flown in the sky to mark the celebration of the Independence Day of India on August 15 every year

Deepavali - The Festival of Lights - The festival of lights is celebrated in the month of Kartik (October - November) on Krishna Chaturdasi. The moon rotates around the earth in 28 days. We have fourteen days of light and fourteen days of darkness, Krishna Chaturdasi is the darkest night of the dark period. Diwali is one of the three festivals celebrated all over India along with Holi and Dussera. This festival is different in form and nature from all other festivals. It is associated with the cult of Kali. Diwali, literally a garland of lamps, is an apt description of this festival of lights. Tradition maintains that lamps are lit to keep alive the memory of Prince Ram's return to Ayodhya after conquering the tyrant Ravana, the ruler of Lanka, who had abducted his consort Sita. The mythological background of this festival is many and varied. It is said that when Rama returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana in Lanka, the people of Ayodhya celebrated the event with lights and fireworks on Krishna Chaturdashi.

Navratri - Navratri, literally nine nights, is celebrated in Gujarat for the 10 days preceding the festival of Dussehra-usually in October. The most eagerly awaited festival of the year, which celebrates harvest time, Navratri is an occasion when both rural and urban people of Gujarat worship the nine incarnations of the Mother Goddess, Shakti, denoting cosmic energy.

Janmashtami - Celebrated as the birthday of Lord Krishna, Janmashtami usually falls in the months of July/August and is celebrated with great fervor in Gujarat. Tableaux showing scenes from Lord Krishna's life are modeled and displayed in homes and temples of Gujarat. The most common of these depicts Krishna as a babe in the cradle.

Tarnetar-  The small hamlet of Tarnetar, about 75 kilometers from Rajkot, is the site for one of Gujarat's most well known annual fairs, held here during the first week of Bhadrapad (September-October). This three day long fair is primarily a 'marriage mart', called swayamwar, where gaily attired young men, in their traditional attire, come to be chosen by village belles dressed in colorful finery.

Tarnetar Fair - Tarnetar, a quite hamlet in Chotila Taluka of Surendranagar, is transformed into a whirl of colour and excitement in the first week of Bhadrapad (August-September). The three-day Tarnetar Fair is held at the Temple of Shiva or Trinetreshwar. Popular belief associates the village with the Swayamvar (marriage) of Draupadi with Arjun, a hero of the epic Mahabharata, after he performed an incredible feat of archery.
The gorgeous traditional costumes and captivating dances makes the Tarnetar Fair a unique synthesis of folk art, folk dances, colour and folk music. The Tarnetar Chhatri (umbrella) is another distinctive feature of the fair. Tarnetar Fair can be a most memorable experience unparalleled in its mood and gaiety

Kutch Utsav - Like so many other regions of Gujarat, Kachchh has it's own distinctive character. It is, in fact, a peninsula, lying between the Sir river, the Sir Creek and and the Great Rann of Kachchh on the north-west, and Gulf of Kachchh on the east. Kachchh, with its colourful people, historic towns, and remarkable handicrafts, has much of interest to offer visitors. The tourism corporation of Gujarat organises an unusual tour of Kachchh, in response to the request of many who wished to visit an area quite different from urban India. This tour was called a "Mahotsava", or a great Festival, because of the great variety of sights and scenes that are offered to visitors. The "Mahotsava" consists of a six day tour of Kachchh, in which all requirement of the visitors are taken care of.

Holi - Festival of Colour - There are many stories of the origin of Holi. The most widely held belief is that Holi marks the day when the devotee of lord Vishnu, Bakt Prahlad, seated on the lap of demoness Holika, was saved from the effect of the fire by God and the demoness got burnt instead. Other stories relate to the death of demon Putana at the hands of lord Krishna and to the burning of demoness Hoda by children. Some link the festival with the worship of Karma, God of pleasure and destiny

Holi is a harvest celebration marking the climax of spring. Bonfires are lit, marking both the end of winter and the death of evil, and proceeds from the seasonal harvest- grains, coconuts etc- offered to the flames. The next day, dhuleti involves plenty of colour throwing, prayer, fasting and feasting. People have fun throwing coloured powder and colourful water at each other, dancing and gambling over cards. The Rajasthani and north Indian population at Kankaria and Jamalpur in Ahmedabad celebrate Holi in great style with folk dancing and colour.

Other Fairs & Festivals - Other festivals of Gujarat include the Bhavnath fair, Dang Darbar, Saputara Summer Festival, Madhavrai fair, and Desert Festival.


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