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Chhattisgarh :- The newly formed state of Chhattisgarh is an interesting tourist destination considering the blend of tribal tourism, history, nature and wildlife that it offers. The bulk of tourist attractions in Chhattisgarh however lie virtually unexplored. The virgin forests, dotted with picturesque waterfalls, scenic plateaus and winding rivers offer a feast to eyes and the lens of your camera. The forests of Chhattisgarh incidentally occupy 42% of the state's land surface.
The Chitrakote Falls also called the Niagra of India located deep in the heart of Bastar forest, plunges down from a height of 100 feet. The Chhattisgarh tourism department offers camp sites near the falls for the lovers of adventure. Apart from the tribal villages, waterfalls and springs, the state of Chhattisgarh has a wide plethora wildlife wealth to offer. The state has 11 wildlife sanctuaries and 3 national parks within its bounds. The Indrawati National Park, Kanger Ghati National Park and Achanakmar Sanctuary are important Tourist Attractions In Chhattisgarh In India to be visited on a tour to Chhattisgarh.
Main Cities / Town
Raipur , the capital City of Chhattisgarh
Raipur the now capital city of Chhattisgarh is dotted with numerous tourist attractions. However some of the very important tourist attractions in Raipur that demand a frequent visit or say precisely have attracted huge number of tourist across the world include Mahant Ghasidas Memorial Museum - it is situated on a close proximity to D.K.Hospital. It was founded in 1875 by Raja Mahant Ghasidas of Rajnandgaon. It contains records of major events that occurred in the history of this town. It also has on display natural objects related to mammals, Snakes, and birds besides a magnificent library; Mahakoshal Art Gallery - it exhibits refined art works of the local people; Doodhadhari Monastery and temple - located on the banks of old river called Maharajbandh, this temple is consecrated to Lord Rama. It was constructed in 17th century by king Jaitsingh. The temple boasts of fascinating murals; and Mahamaya Temple - situated in Raipur's old fort area, this temple is related to Kalchuri era.
Tourist attraction of Raipur
Mahant Ghasidas Memorial : - This museum is located near the D K Hospital in Raipur and was established by Raja Mahant Ghasidas of Rajnandgaon in the year1875. The museum has two floors featuring five galleries and features different sections including archaeology, anthropology and natural history.
Budhapara Lake:- It is a magnificent lake and is also one of the prime tourist attractions in Raipur. The lake was built by the Kalchuri emperor King Brahmadeo around 1402 AD.
Kho Kho Lake :- Another prominent Lake in Raipur is the Kho-kho lake. The lake is an example of formation art.
Shaheed Smarak Lake :- It is a remarkably conceptualized structure designed by the architect Prasanna Kothari that should not be missed out on a tour to Raipur. It is a memorial dedicated to the Indian freedom fighters that consists of a massive auditorium, library, museum and an art gallery,
Bhilai :- 24 kms from Raipur, Bhilai is an industrial township with one of the biggest steel plants in India. The city of Bhilai with its modern and cosmopolitan lifestyle is a new world-class capital city coming up near Raipur's airport.
Sirpura :- It takes just an hour from Raipur to reach Sirpur. It is situated on the banks of river Mahanadi. In the ancient times it was known as Shripur and was the capital of South Kosala. Built in the 7th century, Laxman Temple is one of the finest brick temples in India. It is characterized by carvings that are exquisite and construction that is very precise.
These famous Bhoramdeo temples dated 7th to 11th century A.D. rock temples are situated deep in the forests of the Maikal hills, and are often called the Khajuraho of Chattisgarh.
The Shiva temple is the most significant of them all, while there are several smaller shrines with intricate carvings, many of them erotic. Raipur is the capital of the newly formed state of Chattisgarh and is also the commercial centre of the state. The city, believed to be founded in the 14th century AD by the Kalchuri King Ram Chandra, is right at the middle of Chattisgarh. Raipur is the biggest city of the region and a fast developing important industrial centre.
Dudhadari Temple :- You just cannot afford to miss out this monastery and temple located in the southern region of Raipur. An ancient river called Maharajbandh flows by this landmark. This ancient temple was built by King Jaitsingh in mid-17th century and dedicated to Lord Rama. The temple feature stunning murals.
Malkeshwar Mahadev Temple :- The Mahadev Ghat is situated on the banks of the river Kharun, located 5 kms from Raipur. It is a highly revered shrine of the Hindus and the presiding deity is Lord Shiva. The Hatkeswar Mahadev temple was built in 1402 by Hajiraj Naik during the rule of Brahmadeo Rai, son of the Kalchuri king Ramachandra. Brahmdeo Rai's monumental script in Sanskrit is still preserved at the Mahant Ghasidas memorial museum.
Vivekananda Ashram:- It is an important place of tourist interest for those who seek spiritual enlightenment and is a branch of the mission inaugurated by Swami Vivekananda in the year 1897. The organization works on the principles of ideologies that are based on renunciation and self-emancipation and attempts to achieve the overall well being of the world.
Jagannath Deve Temple :- This temple established in 1860, located at Sadar Bazar is the first Jagannath Temple of Chattisgarh. The temple has many legends attached to it. The main festival held here is the 'Rathyatra' also known as Lord Jagannath's Rathyatra involves a procession wherein idols of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balbhadra and Devi Subhadra are taken in chariots or 'raths'.
Kawardh :-The small age-old town of Kawardha is a tranquil retreat offering breathtaking views of nature and a rich tribal life. The royal palace introduces you to some finer glimpses of Indian royalty.
Chitrakota Falls :- Deep in the heart of Bastar forest, this enormous waterfall plunges down from a height of 100 feet.
Kanker :- This thousand year old town offers a splendid combination of forest, waterfalls and exquisite tribal villages nestled inside. Here is an old palace still resided by the royal family of the area,
Wildlife of Chhattisgarh
Sanjay National park ( Ghasi The Natonal Park
Sanjay National Park is one of the most important wildlife sanctuaries in central India. Also known as Ghasi Das National Park (in Chhattisgarh), the sanctuary is famous for its rich and diverse flora and fauna and attained the status of a National Park in 1981. Sanjay National Park covers an area of approximately 2,303 sq km and is well drained by a number of rivers, rivulets and other perennial sources of water, providing enough water supply for the for the wildlife and birds. Sanjay National Park houses a wide variety of wildlife and birds including some of the rare and endangered species and has great potential to emerge as one of the finest wildlife destinations in central India.
The flora in Sanjay National Park chiefly comprises of mixed forests dominated with Sal and extensive patches of Bamboo forests. Other major plants in the sanctuary include Salai, Dhawada (Anogeissus latifolia), Palas (Butea monosperma), Gurajan (Lania choromendelica), Semal, Mahua, Harra, Haldu, Ber and Tendu. The rich and diverse vegetation supports a wide variety of wildlife in the Park. The major wildlife found in Sanjay National Park includes Tigers, Leopards, Chital, Nilgai, Chinkara, Jackals, Sambar, Four-horned Antelopes, Jungle Cat, Barking Deer, Porcupine, Monkey, Bison, Striped Hyena, Sloth Bear, Wild Dogs, Wild Pigs, Cobra, Monitor Lizards, Python to name a few. Sanjay National Park is also a little paradise for bird lovers and houses wide varieties of avian population with prominent being the Parrots, Peacock, Bulbul, Minivets Orioles, Wagtails, Munias, Blue Kingfisher, Phakta, Ducks, Neelkanth Pigeon, Dabchick, Peafowl, Crimson Breasted Barbet, Teetar, Tree Pie, Racket-tailed Drongos, Egrets, and Herons to name few. A visit to Sanjay National Park promises to be an exciting and rewarding experience for all wildlife enthusiasts and nature lovers
Achanakmar Wildlife Sanctuary
Founded in the year 1975, this wildlife sanctury has become home to some of the rarest of rare animals, birds and plant species. It is spread over an area of 55 sq. kilometers. The sanctuary is located very close to Bilaspur and Raipur. Various species of animals include; Tigers, leopards, gaur, cheetah, mouse and various species of birds. Visitors are assured to witness the best wildlife resource in the sanctuary.
Bhoramdeo Sanctuary:- This sanctuary is located in the Kabirdham district at about a distance of 140 km from Raipur and is named after the
Chamaparan :- The erstwhile Champaranya was the birthplace of Saint Vallabhacharya. The place is famous for his birth anniversary sometime in April-May and an annual fair sometime in Jan-Feb.
Bastar :- This near-perfect tribal land embodies a wild invitation into unexplored forests with waterfalls and wild animals, age-old temples, tribal dance and music. It is one of the most important eco-tourism destinations of the country.
Seorinarayan :- The place is associated with legends in the Ramayana. Some consider the 10th/11th century temple to be even more sacred than the temple of Lord Jagannatha in Puri. Apart from these the state boasts of 3 National Parks and 11 Wildlife Sanctuaries with a multitude of wildlife.
Festivals of Chattisgarh
Chhattisgarh is one of the most fascinating and colorful states of India. Known for its exceptional scenic beauty and the unique tribal populations, Chhattisgarh has a number of vivid and colorful festivals, held all round the year.
Dusshera :- is the most famous festivals of Chhattisgarh and is celebrated with great fanfare in Bastar region. During this occasion, all the deities from all the tribal villages congregate at the Temple of goddess Danteshwari in Jagdalpur, the district headquarter of Bastar.
Madai Festival :- is another famous festival of Bastar region held in the different villages extending from Mandla to Bastar. It's quite popular among Gond tribes of Bastar and thousands of devotees gather under the shade of a sacred tree to sacrifice a goat to the mother goddess and the whole night is spent in dancing, eating and making merry.
Kajari Festival :-
is another important festival of
Chhattisgarh region, which falls on the same day as Raksha Bandhan that is
on the Shravan Purnima. In addition there are many festivals in Chhattisgarh,
which are related to agriculture. Hariyali, Kora, Navakhani and
Cherta Festivals are the most important agricultural festivals of
Chhattisgarh also organizes many colorful fairs in different towns and cities of the state, all round the year.
Rajim Lochan Mahotsav held every year from 16th February till 1st March is celebrated with great fanfare. Bhoramdeo Mahotsav (last week of March), Chakradhar Festival (September or October), Goncha Festival (July), Narayanpur Mela (last week of February) and Sheorinarayan Fair (February) are other widely celebrated and most enjoyed fairs and festivals of Chhattisgarh.
Famous Dance of
Panthi Dance: - The Panthi dance is usually organised in the rural areas on the occasions of marriage and some other auspicious occasions. Panthi dance is specially organised on the occasion of Chhattisgarh's respected saint guru Ghasidas's birth anniversary. The dancers themselves sing and dance together. It is basically a devotional dance that gets the audience engross into devotion. All the dancers perform around a circle after establishing "Jaitkham".
Rautnacha :- A traditional folk dance usually done by yadavs/yaduvanshis as symbol of worship to Krishna. Done at the time of 'dev udhni ekadashi' (time of awakening of Gods after brief rest) according to Hindu Panchang (calendar). The dance is a close resemblance of Krishna's raas leela with gopis.
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